How to Create a Safe and Inviting Habitat for a Hedgehog?

March 31, 2024

Hedgehogs, these small, spiky, and adorable creatures, have become a common sight in many gardens across the globe. Their presence signals a healthy ecosystem and offers a unique opportunity for garden owners who wish to contribute to the preservation of wildlife. What if you want to create a welcoming place for these little night critters? Here is a detailed guide on how to create a safe and inviting habitat for a hedgehog.

Choosing the Right Place for a Hedgehog House

Creating a hospitable environment for hedgehogs starts with finding the right spot in your garden to place their house. Hedgehogs are wild animals, so mimicking their natural habitat as much as possible will provide them with a comfortable living space.

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Look for a quiet corner in your garden, away from the main human traffic. The place should have easy access to other parts of the garden and beyond since hedgehogs enjoy roaming around. Don’t forget to consider the weather. Choose a spot that’s shaded from direct sunlight and protected from the wind.

Creating a hedgehog-friendly garden also means keeping it natural. A manicured lawn might seem beautiful to us, but it’s not the best environment for hedgehogs. Instead, keep some areas of your garden wild, with plenty of leaves, logs, and compost heaps. Not only will this provide food and shelter for hedgehogs, but it will also attract other wildlife, like insects and birds, that hedgehogs feed on.

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Building the Hedgehog House

The next step is to build or buy a suitable house for your hedgehog. Many wildlife organizations sell pre-made hedgehog houses, but if you’re handy, you can also make one yourself.

A hedgehog house should be sturdy, weather-proof, and big enough for a hedgehog to move around. The entrance should be small enough to prevent other larger wildlife from entering. Ensure to provide an escape route, such as a small hole in the back, in case of predators.

Place the house in the chosen spot and cover it with leaves and branches to help it blend with the environment. Remember, the more natural it looks, the more likely a hedgehog is to use it.

Providing Food and Water

While hedgehogs can find their own food, providing a small supplementary feeding station can also be beneficial, especially during periods of food shortage. However, it would help if you were careful about what you offer.

Hedgehogs are insectivores, so their diet consists mostly of insects. You can provide hedgehog food, available in pet shops, or alternatively, meat-based cat or dog food is also suitable. Avoid giving them milk or bread, as they can’t digest these.

Always have a water source available. A shallow dish filled with fresh water will do the trick, but be sure to change the water regularly to keep it clean.

Taking Care of the Garden

Maintaining a hedgehog-friendly garden does not only involve providing a home and food. It also includes managing the garden in a way that’s safe and beneficial for them.

Try to keep the use of pesticides and slug pellets to a minimum. These can be harmful to hedgehogs and their food sources. Instead, consider natural gardening methods, like companion planting or encouraging other wildlife such as birds that will eat pests.

Be careful when doing garden work. Always check for hedgehogs before mowing the lawn, turning compost heaps, or lighting bonfires. Also, make sure that any garden netting is stored away after use, as hedgehogs can easily get entangled in it.

Understanding Hedgehog Behavior

Finally, understanding hedgehog behavior can help you create a more friendly garden. Hedgehogs are nocturnal animals, so they come out to eat and roam around at night. They also hibernate during the winter, so don’t be alarmed if you don’t see them during these months.

When you spot a hedgehog in your garden, it’s fine to watch from a distance, but avoid handling them unless necessary. Also, remember that hedgehogs are wild animals and not pets. While it’s great to provide a safe space for them in your garden, it’s important to let them live naturally and not interfere too much.

Creating a hedgehog-friendly garden is a rewarding activity that contributes to wildlife conservation. By taking these steps, you’re not only offering a safe haven for these cute creatures, but also playing a part in preserving our environment.

Creating Hedgehog Highways

One key aspect often overlooked while creating a hedgehog-friendly garden is the integration of hedgehog highways. These are small gaps or openings in fences or walls that allow hedgehogs to easily move between gardens. In fact, hedgehogs can travel up to a mile in a single night in search of food, mates, and nesting material. Therefore, having a hedgehog highway is crucial to ensure your spiky guests can freely roam and satisfy their natural wanderlust.

To create a hedgehog highway, you can simply cut a 15 cm square hole at the bottom of your garden fence or wall. Make sure it’s big enough for the hedgehog to pass through but not large enough for larger predators or pets. Also, it is important to converse with your neighbors about the concept, as it requires a communal effort for the highways to be effective.

Moreover, consider the layout of these highways. Hedgehogs are not adept climbers, so avoid placing the openings near any steep drops or dangerous garden features, and try to create a safe, direct route for them. It is also crucial to keep the paths clear of any obstructions, like netting or loose wires, that could potentially harm the hedgehogs.

Choosing the Right Garden Plants

The selection of garden plants can have a significant impact on the appeal of your garden for hedgehogs. A variety of plants can provide the perfect environment for insects, which are the primary food source for hedgehogs. Therefore, growing the right plants can help create a thriving, hedgehog-friendly ecosystem.

Native plants are generally the best choice for attracting insects. Some good options include hawthorn, honeysuckle, and blackberry. Flowering plants like sunflowers and marigolds can also attract insects, while providing a vibrant splash of color to your garden.

It is also beneficial to have a mix of ground cover and tall plants in your garden to provide shelter and nesting material for hedgehogs. Dead leaves, logs, and compost heaps can also serve as great hiding spots and sources of food.

Remember to steer clear of plants that are toxic to hedgehogs such as azalea, foxglove, and lily of the valley. Always research on the safety of a plant before adding it to your hedgehog-friendly garden.


Creating a safe and inviting habitat for a hedgehog requires a bit of planning and effort, but the rewards are immense. From building a sturdy hedgehog house and providing the right food and water, to making your garden wildlife-friendly and understanding hedgehog behavior, each step plays a vital role in safeguarding these endearing creatures.

Remember, a hedgehog-friendly garden is more than just about providing a space for hedgehogs. It’s about creating a balanced ecosystem where nature thrives. It’s about fostering a love for wildlife and playing your part in conservation. And in return, you get to enjoy the charming company of these spiky little critters, knowing that you are providing them with a safe haven amidst the hustle and bustle of the human world.

All rights reserved in creating this safe and inviting habitat for hedgehogs. May your garden teem with life and your efforts in building this special space bring you joy and satisfaction as you contribute to preserving these exotic animals.